The joints and muscles of the body function most efficiently when they are in physical balance. When foot imbalance is present, there is a negative impact on the knees, hips, pelvis, and the spine. This may lead to symptoms of knee pain, arch pain, hip pain, or lower back pain.
Your feet are the foundation of your body. They support you when you stand, walk, or run. They help protect your spine, bones and soft tissues from damaging stress as you move around.
The foot is constructed with three arches, which when properly maintained give exceptional supportive strength. These three arches form a supporting vault that distributes the entire weight of the body.
A loss of arch height will cause a flattening and rolling in of the foot. This malpositioning of the foot is termed pronation and is seen when the ankle starts to fall inward, no longer sitting directly over the foot. Because everything is connected, the bones of the leg also inwardly rotate.
This increased pressure on the medial arch of the foot and can cause heel pain or irritation to the connective tissue along the bottom of the foot leading to plantar fascitis.
Excessive rotation of the bones of the leg will cause unnecessary stresses on the knee as well as twisting of the pelvis and spine. If the pronation is more prevalent on one side, there can be a resultant unleveling of the pelvis. Tilting of the pelvis places tension on the muscles and connective tissues, which can eventually lead to back problems.
To correct imbalances in the feet, we will often recommend custom molded foot orthotics. Placing orthotics in your shoes is similar to placing a shim under a wobbly table: it adds support to eliminate unwanted motion in the entire structure.
Placing the correct support under the foot helps restore the fallen arch, decrease pronation, eliminate rotation to the leg, and take stress off the joints of the lower back and pelvis. By stabilizing and balancing your feet, orthotics enhance your body’s performance and efficiency, reduce pain, and contribute to your total body wellness.